Portal v2HomeFAQSearchMemberlistMemberlistRegisterLog in

Share | 
 

 Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
AuthorMessage
CraZyGhOst
Perdana Menteri
Perdana Menteri
avatar

Male Post : 293
Birthday : 02/05/1986
Age : 31
IPGM : Perlis
Course : Physical Education
Batch : Julai 2004
Registered : 15/06/2008

PostSubject: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Thu Jun 19, 2008 11:21 am

Ujian Pap Smear (versi BM)


Ujian PAP, juga dikenali sebagai PAP smear, merupakan satu cara untuk memeriksa sel-sel yang dikumpul daripada serviks dan faraj. Ujian ini boleh mengesan jangkitan, inflamasi, sel-sel yang tidak normal atau kanser. Ini bermakna, ia merupakan satu ujian untuk mengesan malignan dan perubahan pra-malignan dalam serviks.

Bagaimana ia dilakukan?

Permukaan serviks dikikis perlahan-lahan dengan kayu spatula, secebis kapas atau berus (seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam gambarajah di bawah) dan kemudian diperiksa di bawah microskop.

Hasil ujian ini akan menunjukkan:

* Positif: sesuatu yang tidak normal mungkin wujud (sel-sel serviks tidak normal)

* Negatif: tiada kanser sel ditemui ( sel-sel serviks normal)

Remaja yang berumur 18 tahun dan ke atas atau mereka yang telah mula melakukan aktiviti seks digalakkan untuk menjalankan ujian PAP.

Mengapa ia sangat PENTING?

o Ujian PAP dapat mengesan lebih awal perubahan pra-kanser dalam serviks.

o Rawatan dapat dilakukan lebih awal dan sembuh sepenuhnya sebelum kanser menjadi lebih serius.

Oleh demikian, adalah sangat penting untuk melakukan ujian PAP setiap 1 hingga 3 tahun.

Di mana dan bila ujian dilakukan?

Kebanyakan klinik menyediakan ujian ini, ia dilakukan oleh doktor atau pakar-pakar yang terlatih. Anda sepatutnya melakukan ujian ini bukan pada masa datang haid. Masa yang terbaik ialah antara 10 hingga 20 hari selepas hari pertama haid.

Nota penting:

* Lebih kurang 2 hari sebelum ujian PAP smear, anda mestilah mengelakkan daripada dusing (pancutan air yang dilakukan oleh doktor ke atas rahim wanita), atau menggunakan ubat-ubatan untuk faraj atau sabun spermisid, krim atau jeli (kecuali dinasihatkan oleh doktor ).

* Jangan malu untuk bertanya doktor tentang ujian Pap smear
Back to top Go down
View user profile
CraZyGhOst
Perdana Menteri
Perdana Menteri
avatar

Male Post : 293
Birthday : 02/05/1986
Age : 31
IPGM : Perlis
Course : Physical Education
Batch : Julai 2004
Registered : 15/06/2008

PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Thu Jun 19, 2008 11:24 am

(eng version)
Alternative names

Papanicolaou test

Definition

A Pap smear is a microscopic examination of cells scraped from the cervix.

How the test is performed

The Pap smear is performed as part of a gynecological exam. You will lie on a table and place your feet in stirrups to position your pelvis for examination. A speculum (an instrument used to open the walls of the vaginal canal to see the interior) will be inserted into your vagina and opened slightly.

A sample of cells from the outside and the canal of the cervix is taken by gently scraping the outside of the cervix with a wooden or plastic spatula, then inserting a small brush that looks like a pipe cleaner into the canal.

The cells are placed on a glass slide and sprayed with a fixative, or put in a bottle containing a preservative, then sent to the lab for examination.

How to prepare for the test

The health care provider should be notified if you have had a prior abnormal Pap smear, if you might be pregnant, or if you are taking any medications or birth control pills. You should avoid douching, using tampons, having intercourse, and tub baths 24 hours before the test.

Avoid scheduling your Pap smear while you are menstruating, because blood and cells from the endometrial cavity may obscure the accuracy of the Pap smear. Empty your bladder just before the test.

How the test will feel

There may be some discomfort and a feeling of pressure during the procedure. A small amount of bleeding may occur after the test.

Why the test is performed

The Pap smear can detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix. For recommendations on the frequency of having this test done, see the information on cervicitis.

Normal Values

A normal value is negative, meaning there are no abnormal cells present.

What abnormal results mean

Abnormal values are based on the test results. The current system of reporting divides the results into three main areas: benign (noncancerous), precancerous (showing some abnormal cell changes), and malignant (possibly cancerous).

A report in the latter two categories will usually lead to a follow-up examination, including a repeat Pap smear and possibly other tests. If you have never had an abnormal Pap smear before, and the result indicates a mild abnormality, the Pap test is repeated in 6 months.

If the test result suggests a severe abnormality or cancer, you may need an immediate colposcopic evaluation with biopsies. If you have had an abnormal Pap test in the past, or have had treatment for a precancerous change, you may need an immediate colposcopy.

The Pap smear is a screening test. Any abnormal results should be discussed with your health care professional, who will help determine if a colposcopy is necessary.

What the risks are

There are no risks involved.

Special considerations

The following drugs may affect Pap smears:

Colchicine
Estrogen
Podophyllin
Progestins
Silver nitrate
Compounds in cigarettes

source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003911.htm
Back to top Go down
View user profile
CraZyGhOst
Perdana Menteri
Perdana Menteri
avatar

Male Post : 293
Birthday : 02/05/1986
Age : 31
IPGM : Perlis
Course : Physical Education
Batch : Julai 2004
Registered : 15/06/2008

PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Thu Jun 19, 2008 11:27 am

Pap Semear



A Pap test is a simple, relatively inexpensive procedure that can easily detect cancerous or precancerous conditions. During a Pap smear, cells from the outside and the canal of the cervix are retrieved by gently scraping the outside of the cervix. The Pap smear is performed to detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix.
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Emkay
Budak Tadika
Budak Tadika
avatar

Female Post : 17
Birthday : 06/08/1990
Age : 27
IPGM : IPBA
Course : B Ed. TESL
Batch : Julai 2008
Registered : 19/06/2008

PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Mon Jun 23, 2008 2:27 pm

saya takut hospital-dan doktor
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://www.versusme.wordpress.com
paan1904
Guru Penolong Kanan
Guru Penolong Kanan
avatar

Female Post : 2527
Birthday : 19/04/1987
Age : 30
IPGM : IPDA
Course : PISMP IPGM SCIENCE
Batch : JANUARY 2007
Registered : 15/06/2008

PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Tue Jun 24, 2008 5:19 pm

thanx for the info..
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://www.friendster.com/paan1904
CraZyGhOst
Perdana Menteri
Perdana Menteri
avatar

Male Post : 293
Birthday : 02/05/1986
Age : 31
IPGM : Perlis
Course : Physical Education
Batch : Julai 2004
Registered : 15/06/2008

PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   Mon Jun 30, 2008 11:31 pm

kalau takut dgn dr bila dah kahwin nanti, lg susah owh...
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Sponsored content




PostSubject: Re: Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know   

Back to top Go down
 
Pap Smear Test *for GIRLS*, all that u need to know
View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 1

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Forum :: Section Komuniti dan Diskusi :: Kesihatan dan Keluarga-
Jump to: